Azores Adventures – Futurismo

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Sperm whale

Physeter macrocephalus

Sperm whales can be seen year round in the Azores, and have become the iconic species in this area. They also inhabit other deep oceans of the world, with the females and calves being restricted to warmer waters and the mature males ranging from the Arctic to the Antarctic. The sperm whale is also known…

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Atlantic spotted dolphin

Stenella frontalis

Spotted dolphins are characterised by their colouration and patterns of spots which vary with geographical location and age. The spots, which are absent at birth, build up over time so that adults usually have a dense covering of spots. Two species of spotted dolphin exist: the Pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata), which is spread throughout tropical to subtropical areas…

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Humpback whale

Megaptera novaeangliae

Humpback whales are distinguished by their long pectoral fins (which can reach up to 5 m in length), and by their knobbly head (these “tubbercles” are actually hair follicles). They are also well known for their aerial displays; they are often observed breaching (jumping out of the water), lobtailing (slapping the tail on the water’s…

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Minke whale

Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Minke whales are the smallest and most abundant of the rorquals (baleen, or filter feeding whales, with throat pleats). They are divided into two distinct species: common minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) and Antarctic minke whales (Balaenoptera bonaerensis). Minke whales in the northern hemisphere can be distinguished by a white band which is present on both pectoral fins….

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Sei whale

Balaenoptera borealis

The sei whale is the least known of the rorqual family and can easily be confused with other species. Their relatively large dorsal fin can be used to distinguish them from other baleen whales. They have a single ridge on the top of the head, unlike the Bryde’s whale which has three parallel ridges. Sei…

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Fin whale

Balaenoptera physalus

Fin whales are the second largest animals in the world and the most frequently encountered baleen whale species in the Azores. Their most distinguishing feature is the asymmetrical markings on the head: on the right side the lower lip, mouth cavity, and baleen plates are white, whereas on the left these features are dark. The…

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Blue whale

Balaenoptera musculus

Blue whales are the largest animals in the world.  They can easily be detected from great a distance because the strong vertical blow reaches up to 12 m in height (lung capacity is about 5,000 liters). The heart alone is the size of a small car, and the tongue can weigh up to 4 tonnes….

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Rissos dolphin

Grampus griseus

Risso's dolphins are distinguished by their robust build, rounded head and extensive white body scars. They are born dark grey  and accumulate more scars throughout their life until they are almost white at maturity (pictured above). These scars may be caused by encounters with other Risso's dolphins and from their major prey item; squid. Risso's dolphins prefer deep oceanic…

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Common dolphin

Delphinus delphis

Common dolphins are strikingly marked with a distinct yellow and grey hourglass pattern along their sides. They are divided into two distinct species: long-beaked (Delphinus capensis) and short-beaked (Delphinus delphis).  In the Azores, short-beaked common dolphins are seen year round (they are in fact our most encountered cetacean species). They are often more brightly coloured than the…

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Bottlenose dolphin

Tursiops truncatus

The bottlenose dolphin is the most well-known of all the dolphins (this is the type that is in movies like “flipper” and that is unfortuantely most often chosen for the captive industry). They have a wide distribution throughout coastal and continental shelf waters in tropical and temperate zones.  Bottlenose dolphins are extremely social and often…

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